The birth, names, and callings of Cain and Abel, ver. And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. Genesis 4:2 And she again bare his brother Abel. v1 In the beginning, God created the sky and the earth. Salem Media Group. One sin leads to another. Genesis 24. But Cain did not offer in faith, and so it turned into sin to him. Genesis 23. Genesis 13. 4. the Lord had respect unto Abel, not unto Cain, &c.--The words, "had respect to," signify in Hebrew,--"to look at any thing with a keen earnest glance," which has been translated, "kindle into a fire," so that the divine approval of Abel's offering was shown in its being consumed by fire (see Genesis 15:17 , Judges 13:20 ). His boasting, Genesis … Lamech said unto his wives--This speech is in a poetical form, probably the fragment of an old poem, transmitted to the time of Moses. Their religion, and different success in it, ver. He sees himself excluded by it from the favour of his God; andconcludes, that being cursed, he was hid from God's face, and that is indeed the true nature of God's curse; damned sinners find it so, to whom it is said, Depart from me ye cursed. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. brought . Eve said, I have gotten a man from the Lord --that is, "by the help of the Lord"--an expression of pious gratitude--and she called him Cain, that is, "a possession," as if valued above everything else; while the arrival of another son reminding Eve of the misery she had entailed on her offspring, led to the name Abel, that is, either weakness, vanity (Psalms 39:5), or grief, lamentation. Genesis 9. v2 The earth had no … 5 But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. 14. every one that findeth me shall slay me--This shows that the population of the world was now considerably increased. The continual apprehension of being slain, as all the inhabitants of the earth were at that time of the same family, the parents themselves still alive, and each having a right to kill this murderer of his relative. The execution of the sentence, ver. If Cain shall be avenged sevenfold, truly Lamech seventy and sevenfold. Genesis 14. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 3 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the Lord. Genesis 20. Go To MIUD . Genesis 4:4-7 King James Version (KJV). And Cain said . Genesis 7. In the Talmud, the rabbis suggested several possibilities, including leprosy, boils, or a horn that grew out of Cain. So in Genesis 4:16, it is said, Cain went out from the presence of the Lord, and was not permitted any more to associate with the family in acts of religious worship. 10. the voice of thy brother's blood crieth unto me--Cain, to lull suspicion, had probably been engaging in the solemnities of religion when he was challenged directly from the Shekinah itself. It shows the high, interpersonal terms in which the Bible sees the sexual relationship. Leaving it, he not only severed himself from his relatives but forsook the ordinances of religion, probably casting off all fear of God from his eyes so that the last end of this man is worse than the first ( Matthew 12:45 ). With a UCG.org account you will be able to save items to read and study later! Genesis 4:16), where he had carried on his agricultural pursuits, and where God had revealed His face, i.e., His presence, to the men after their expulsion from the garden; so that henceforth Cain had to wander about upon the wide world, homeless and far from the presence of God, and was afraid lest any one who found him … You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. Genesis 16. 13, 14. The Exodus account, however, says nothing whatever about God's revelation to Moses concerning the sacred name being the first time that it had been known on earth, but merely reveals that the children of Israel at this stage of their development after four hundred years of slavery … The arrangement was that his wife would let him out after she was insi… 15. whosoever slayeth Cain--By a special act of divine forbearance, the life of Cain was to be spared in the then small state of the human race. The Theology of Work Bible Commentary is an in-depth Bible study tool put together by a group of biblical scholars, pastors, and workplace Christians to help you discover what the whole Bible--from … Salem Media Group. That's what The Explanation has done with this Commentary of these two chapters. He sets before him death and a curse; but, if not well - Seeing thoudidst not do well, not offer in faith, and in a right manner, sin lieth at the door - That is, sin only hinders thy acceptance. 2. Proud member 3, 4. These words signify that they had extinguished the faith meant by "Cain," to do violence to which was sacrilege, and at the same time had extinguished the charity which should be born through faith, a far greater sacrilege, and … Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes Matthew Henry People's Commentary (NT) Robertson's Word Pictures (NT) Scofield: Definitions: Interlinear: Library: Topical Studies: X-References: Commentaries: Forerunner Commentary What is the Forerunner Commentary? i. Genesis 19. But right here in this chapter Eve used two different names for God: [~Yahweh] (Genesis 4:1) and [~'Elohiym] (Genesis 4:2). Genesis 22. Besides, A fugitive and a vagabond shalt thou be in the earth. Cain and Abel were probably twins; and it is thought that, at this early period, children were born in pairs ( Genesis 5:4 ) [CALVIN]. Now to justify his complaint, Observe his descants upon the sentence. Genesis 18. Genesis 4 details the first murder when Cain kills his brother Abel in a fit of angry jealousy. Jabal was a famous shepherd; he delighted much in keepingcattle, and was so happy in devising methods of doing it to the best advantage, and instructing others in them, that the shepherds of those times, nay, the shepherds of after - times, called him Father; or perhaps his children after him, being brought up to the same employment: the family was a family of shepherds. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 1, 2. 15. which is the true sense of the words referring to the high privileges and authority belonging to the first-born in patriarchal times. The birth of another son and grandson of Adam, ver. AC 432. It seems to indicate that Lamech had slain a man in self-defense, and its drift is to assure his wives, by the preservation of Cain, that an unintentional homicide, as he was, could be in no danger. 4. the Lord had respect unto Abel, not unto Cain, &c.-- The words, "had respect to," signify in Hebrew, --"to look at any thing with a keen earnest glance," which has been translated, "kindle into a fire," so that the divine approval of Abel's offering was shown in its being consumed by fire (see Genesis 15:17 , Judges 13:20 ). 8. Both brothers bring the fruit of their work as offerings to God. 12. a fugitive--condemned to perpetual exile; a degraded outcast; the miserable victim of an accusing conscience. set a mark--not any visible mark or brand on his forehead, but some sign or token of assurance that his life would be preserved. This is a powerful way to describe sex. When Jabal had set them in a way to be rich, Jubal put them in a way to be merry. (1) A simple factual statement regarding God’s work as Creator. Eve bears Cain and Abel—They offer sacrifices—Cain slays Abel and is cursed by the Lord, who also sets a … 26. men began to call upon the name of the Lord--rather, by the name of the Lord. 7 If thou doest well, shalt thou not be … 4 And Abel, he also brought of the firstlings of his flock and of the fat thereof. Genesis 4:1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the LORD. Moses and David were both shepherds, and our Lord called himself the Good Sheperd. c 4 God saw that the light was good. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. My punishment is greater than I can bear--What an overwhelming sense of misery; but no sign of penitence, nor cry for pardon. . The purport of the divine rebuke to Cain was this, "Why art thou angry, as if unjustly treated? of Verse 16. 4:4 And the Lord God had respect to Abel and to his offering, and shewed his acceptance of it, probably by fire from heaven but to Cain and to his offering he had not respect. Genesis 6. 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. 6 And the Lord said unto Cain, Why art thou wroth? And Cain went out from the faces of Jehovah, and dwelt in the land of Nod, toward the east of Eden. 3 In the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of u the fruit of the ground, 4 and Abel also brought of v the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions. There was a difference in the characters of the persons offering:Cain was a wicked man, but Abel was a righteous man. First, from the beginning of God's dealings with mankind, He shows a major objective for man is to be accomplished by overcoming, mastering sin's desire to control and manipulate. land of Nod--of flight or exile--thought by many to have been Arabia-Petræa--which was cursed to sterility on his account. The murder committed, ver. 3. in process of time--Hebrew, "at the end of days," probably on the Sabbath. And the … 1 And Adam knew Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare Cain, and said, I have gotten a man from the Lord. In Genesis 1, God’s acts of creation are presented in outline fashion. Chapter 4. UCG.org / Bible Study Tools / Bible Commentary / Bible Commentary: Genesis 2:4-25. For others it forms a pre-scientific vision that no one who respects the results of scholarship can accept. 2 And she again bare his brother Abel. 15, 16. Genesis 15. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The Story of Creation. Genesis 4:15 Many commentators believe this sign not to have been like a brand on the forehead, but something awesome about Cain’s appearance that made people dread and avoid him. In Genesis 6:1,2 this division is clearly recognized by referring to those who followed the Lord as "sons of God" and to the rest of humanity as "men." Genesis 4:6-7 We can interpret this two ways. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Add to my study list. And Cain talked with Abel his brother--Under the guise of brotherly familiarity, he concealed his premeditated purpose till a convenient time and place occurred for the murder ( 1 John 3:12 , Jude 1:11 ). Genesis 4:2 : Genesis 4:4 >> Genesis 4:1-15. For New King James text and commentary, click here. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Genesis 4:4 And Abel, he also brought of the … This entry was posted on January 5, 2010 at 1:49 pm and is filed under Genesis. God's people, a name probably applied to them in contempt by the world. Genesis 1 and 2 are a full summary of God's plan for humankind. Cain's murder of his brother, and the process against him for that murder. sin lieth at the door--sin, that is, a sin offering--a common meaning of the word in Scripture (as in Hosea 4:8 , 2 Corinthians 5:21 , Hebrews 9:28 ). 17 - 24. Adam Clarke Commentary. It seldom works that way, however. Abel's was amore excellent sacrifice than Cain's; Cain's was only a sacrifice of acknowledgment offered to the Creator; the meat - offerings of the fruit of the ground were no more: but Abel brought a sacrifice of atonement, the blood whereof was shed in order to remission, thereby owning himself a sinner, deprecating God's wrath, and imploring his favour in a Mediator. Plotted to put one over on the Whole Bible, California - not. 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